Each build is isolated within its own container (Linux namespaced container).
The base is an Ubuntu 16.04 system, where all of Odoo's required dependencies, as well as common useful packages, are installed.
The Odoo.sh team is open to install any system packages as long as they are distributed in the official Ubuntu repositories. Leave us a feedback if you would like a package not yet installed.
If your project requires additional Python dependencies, or more recent releases,
you can define a
requirements.txt file in the root of your branches listing them.
The platform will take care to install these dependencies in your containers.
The pip requirements specifiers
documentation can help you write a
To have a concrete example,
check out the requirements.txt file of Odoo.
requirements.txt files of submodules are taken into account as well. The platform
requirements.txt files in each folder containing Odoo modules: Not in the module folder itself,
but in their parent folder.
As the containers are Ubuntu based, their directory structure follows the linux Filesystem Hierarchy Standard. Ubuntu's filesystem tree overview explains the main directories.
Here are the Odoo.sh pertinent directories:
. ├── home │ └── odoo │ ├── src │ │ ├── odoo Odoo Community source code │ │ │ └── odoo-bin Odoo server executable │ │ ├── enterprise Odoo Enterprise source code │ │ ├── themes Odoo Themes source code │ │ └── user Your repository branch source code │ ├── data │ │ ├── filestore database attachments, as well as the files of binary fields │ │ └── sessions visitors and users sessions │ └── logs │ ├── install.log Database installation logs │ ├── odoo.log Running server logs │ ├── update.log Database updates logs │ └── pip.log Python packages installation logs └── usr ├── lib │ ├── python2.7 │ └── dist-packages Python 2.7 standard libraries │ ├── python3 │ └── dist-packages Python 3 standard libraries │ └── python3.5 │ └── dist-packages Python 3.5 standard libraries ├── local │ └── lib │ ├── python2.7 │ │ └── dist-packages Python 2.7 third-party libraries │ └── python3.5 │ └── dist-packages Python 3.5 third-party libraries └── usr └── bin ├── python2.7 Python 2.7 executable └── python3.5 Python 3.5 executable
Both Python 2.7 and 3.5 are installed in the containers. However:
- If your project is configured to use Odoo 10.0, the Odoo server runs with Python 2.7.
- If your project is configured to use Odoo 11.0 or above, the Odoo server runs with Python 3.5.
While accessing a container with the shell, you can access the database using psql.
firstname.lastname@example.org:~$ psql psql (9.5.2, server 9.5.11) SSL connection (protocol: TLSv1.2, cipher: ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384, bits: 256, compression: off) Type "help" for help. odoo-addons-master-1=>
Be careful ! Use transactions (BEGIN...COMMIT/ROLLBACK) for every sql statements leading to changes (UPDATE, DELETE, ALTER, ...), especially for your production database.
The transaction mechanism is your safety net in case of mistake. You simply have to rollback your changes to revert your database to its previous state.
For example, it may happen that you forget to set your WHERE condition.
odoo-addons-master-1=> BEGIN; BEGIN odoo-addons-master-1=> UPDATE res_users SET password = '***'; UPDATE 457 odoo-addons-master-1=> ROLLBACK; ROLLBACK
In such a case, you can rollback to revert the unwanted changes that you just mistakenly did, and rewrite the statement:
odoo-addons-master-1=> BEGIN; BEGIN odoo-addons-master-1=> UPDATE res_users SET password = '***' WHERE id = 1; UPDATE 1 odoo-addons-master-1=> COMMIT; COMMIT
However, do not forget to either commit or rollback your transaction after having done it. Open transactions may lock records in your tables and your running database may wait for them to be released. It can cause a server to hang indefinitely.
In addition, when possible, use your staging databases to test your statements first. It gives you an extra safety net.
Run an Odoo server
You can start an Odoo server instance from a container shell. You won't be able to access it from the outside world with a browser, but you can for instance:
- use the Odoo shell,
$ odoo-bin shell >>> partner = env['res.partner'].search([('email', '=', 'asusteK@yourcompany.example.com')], limit=1) >>> partner.name 'ASUSTeK' >>> partner.name = 'Odoo' >>> env['res.partner'].search([('email', '=', 'asusteK@yourcompany.example.com')], limit=1).name 'Odoo'
- install a module,
$ odoo-bin -i sale --without-demo=all --stop-after-init
- update a module,
$ odoo-bin -u sale --stop-after-init
- run the tests for a module,
$ odoo-bin -i sale --test-enable --log-level=test --stop-after-init
In the above commands, the argument:
--without-demo=allprevents demo data to be loaded for all modules
--stop-after-initwill immediately shutdown the server instance after it completed the operations you asked.
More options are available and detailed in the CLI documentation.
You can find in the logs (~/logs/odoo.log) the addons path used by Odoo.sh to run your server. Look for "odoo: addons paths":
2018-02-19 10:51:39,267 4 INFO ? odoo: Odoo version 13.0 2018-02-19 10:51:39,268 4 INFO ? odoo: Using configuration file at /home/odoo/.config/odoo/odoo.conf 2018-02-19 10:51:39,268 4 INFO ? odoo: addons paths: ['/home/odoo/data/addons/13.0', '/home/odoo/src/user', '/home/odoo/src/enterprise', '/home/odoo/src/themes', '/home/odoo/src/odoo/addons', '/home/odoo/src/odoo/odoo/addons']
Be careful, especially with your production database. Operations that you perform running this Odoo server instance are not isolated: Changes will be effective in the database. Always, make your tests in your staging databases.
Debugging in Odoo.sh
Debugging an Odoo.sh build is not really different than another Python app. This article only explains the specificities and limitations of the Odoo.sh platform, and assumes that you already know how to use a debugger.
If you don't know how to debug a Python application yet, there are multiple introductory courses that can be easily found on the Internet.
You can use
ipdb to debug your code on Odoo.sh.
As the server is run outside a shell, you cannot launch the debugger directly from your Odoo instance backend as the debugger needs a shell to operate.
- pdb is installed by default in every container.
To do so, you have two options:
temporary (only in the current build):
$ pip install pudb --user
$ pip install ipdb --user
- permanent: add
ipdbto your project
Then edit the code where you want to trigger the debugger and add this:
import sys if sys.__stdin__.isatty(): import pdb; pdb.set_trace()
sys.__stdin__.isatty() is a hack that detects if you run Odoo from a shell.
Save the file and then run the Odoo Shell:
$ odoo-bin shell
Finally, via the Odoo Shell, you can trigger the piece of code/function/method you want to debug.